Why the immigrants come

first_imgThe image of the impoverished immigrant, whether depicted being jammed with others in the trunk of a car or ducking through the underbrush to reach the border, has become a cultural meme. The endless influx of immigrants has spurned controversy and consternation, not to mention volatile rhetoric countered by off-the-cuff rationalizations on their motivations.It is easy to make varied assumptions about these immigrants. But through it all, few observers stop to examine who these people are, and why they’re coming.Last year, Filiz Garip, assistant professor of sociology, undertook an investigation of this question. Who are these migrants, and what are their motivations for fleeing their homes? “We wanted to try to understand what actually prompted these individuals to migrate,” she said, “to take the view of the ‘average migrant’ and determine under what conditions they came to the U.S.”While on a sabbatical last year, supported by the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Garip delved deeper into her research on migration patterns. “I wanted to know several things. Are there different types of migrants moving in different directions if the economy changes? What about if policy changes? Who is coming over now, as opposed to who was coming before them?”“A lot of the time, we think of these individuals as being the poorest of the poor, who migrate out of individual choices and economic hardship, but I didn’t think that was always the case,” said Garip. “I had two ideas: one, that it’s diverse groups of people coming, that we cannot all lump into one category. It’s not just the poorest. And two, everyone who decides to migrate is experiencing the macro-level economic conditions and making choices based on those experiences.”She examined data from the Mexican Migration Project, a Princeton effort that has traced migration patterns between the United States and Mexico for the past 40 years, together with a technique known as “cluster analysis” that allows the researcher to group together and analyze similar cases and people. Garip identified four groups of immigrants, each with its own socioeconomic profile, and each of which came to the United States at distinct periods in Mexico’s economic history.The first group of people, who came in the 1970s, was made up mostly of poor farmers and heads of households. “About 90 percent of them were men,” she said. “There was this idea at the time of trying to maximize your income, and the high pay ratios put huge stress on farmers. So at that time, it was the very poorest people who were coming over to look for work.”But that changed in the 1980s. The second group, according to the analysis, consisted of people from middle-income households. “They usually had business or lands, and were sending their sons to the U.S. to try to diversify their risks. Immigration for these people was purely a business decision.”In the late ’80s, a series of economic crises and subsequent rising inflation pressured many farmers to flee across the border once again, but it was during the same period that the U.S. government legalized 2 million undocumented immigrants. “Because of this,” Garip said, “people decided to bring their families over. So you saw a big influx of women and young children who were joining people already established in the U.S. Then in the ’90s we saw more urban, educated types coming over. They were skilled and worked jobs in Mexico, but were still coming to the U.S. to look for jobs.”At any one time, all four types of people were probably coming into the country, but according to Garip, “the composition changes a lot. There are always multiple types of migrants from distinct backgrounds, and with diverse motivations for migrating. We see that income-maximizing migrants can co-exist alongside migrants who seek to diversify risks. With these last two groups, we can see how networks of families and friends begin to affect migration patterns.”Given this refreshed view on who these immigrants are and why they are coming, the next question becomes: What does this mean for U.S. immigration policy? “A lot of our immigration policy assumes the ‘typical migration case’ of the poor, unskilled laborer who doesn’t speak English, and policymakers seem to be operating with the idea that if you increase the costs and consequences of immigrating, rates will decline. That’s not the case. The only thing that will stop migration is improving economic conditions in the home country.”And Garip is quick to point out that a lot of current policies are backfiring. “Before the ’70s, there was a lot of circular migration. People didn’t have intentions to settle in the U.S. They came, made money, and left. But the tightening of policies and higher enforcement meant it was harder for people to go back and forth, so they simply began to stay in the U.S. And then when their rights began to be restricted, they became citizens.”“If we want to change the incentive to migrate, we need a more customized policy. Start a guest worker program, or a visa program to make temporary migration legal. Create legal revenues for people to do this, and then once they’re here let them be citizens. Making these activities illegal and throwing these people in jail is not a disincentive.”Garip has since designed a course based on what she learned, and hopes to bring undergraduates into the research process. “I want people to understand that immigration is not about one kind of individual,” she said. “They’re not all the same. There are different groups, different reasons, and most importantly, different people who migrate.”last_img read more

Hidden Spaces: Newell Boathouse

first_imgHidden Spaces is part of a series about lesser-known spaces at Harvard.Framed black-and-white photographs, spanning well over a century, encircle the second-floor walls of Harvard’s Newell Boathouse. They are mostly group shots of each varsity rowing team, right up to the present. But the space for 1917 contains a photo of rowers on the Charles River, instead of the standard staged group picture. The caption reads: “Varsity Crew 1917. Rowing stopped on account of war.”In the earliest photos, men wear muttonchop whiskers, handlebar mustaches, and center parts in their hair. One team is wearing suits instead of uniforms, and the 1912 men are bare-chested. Turtlenecked uniforms, leggings, and laced shoes have all evolved in the intervening years. But today’s do-rag caps appear to have debuted in the 1870s. The one constant in the photos is that the coxswain sits on the floor in front of the rest of the team, often cross-legged.Almost as omnipresent is Olympian and men’s varsity coach Harry Parker, who is the most-photographed face on the walls of Newell. Beginning in 1963 — when he looks little older than the students beside him — up to the present day, we see nearly 50 smiling Harrys.Memorabilia not displayed on the walls are stored in closets filled to the brim, and displays of memorabilia are changed periodically. Juxtaposed against the old paraphernalia are several new rowing machines. The state-of-the-art orange Oartec sliders look out of place, as does the computer in the workshop that boatman Joe Shea uses to check the weather regularly.Possibly nowhere on Harvard’s campus is as untouched and nostalgic as Newell. The boathouse is not open for recreational use, only to Harvard’s male oarsmen, which is perhaps why so much of the place is intact after 111 years. Besides the hundreds of framed photographs, there are duct-taped scrapbooks overflowing from the shelves, piles of ancient wooden oars, and silver winners’ cups randomly strewn about. An enormous black-and-white photo of the “Rude and Smooth,” the undefeated crew team of 1974, dominates the landing of the tired stairwell.On the first floor of Newell are two water-filled tanks with boats inside. Both were once motorized with moving water. These days only the newer 1973 tank continues to move water. Mirrors line the walls of these rooms so rowers can check their form during practice.In the 1892 and ’93 photographs, boathouse namesake Marshall Newell ’94 is one of the elite oarsmen. Newell was a football and crew star at Harvard. He was tragically killed while working for the railroad when a train hit him on Christmas Eve in 1897. Described as ????beloved by all those who knew him,” the 5-foot-10-inch, 170-pound Newell was an All-American football player each of his four years at Harvard and played every minute of every game from 1890 to 1893. He was described by the College Hall of Fame as “a deeply sensitive man, a compassionate fellow of heart and understanding in complete contrast to the ferocity with which he played the game of football.” Known to counsel younger athletes, his nickname was “Ma.” As a tribute to his greatness, Harvard alumni raised $2,000 to build the boathouse in 1900.Bridging the centuries, Newell’s men impart a sense of ageless camaraderie, a perception of a torch passed. The longevity of Parker, the legacy of Newell, and the bar created by the Rude and Smooth team are just part of the history that is Newell. In between on the boathouse walls are thousands of lesser-known men’s faces, the elite oarsmen who have come and gone, striving, as this season’s rowers will do, to be the best. Since 1965, rowers have come from far and near to the banks of the Charles River to take part in the world’s largest regatta. Racing at Head of the Charles is a challenge to experienced and novice competitors alike. Every year crews and scullers race along the many bends of the 3-mile course, navigating through buoys, boats, and bridges. At the Head of the Charles, a poorly made turn or single buoy violation can cost a first place medal. This year’s Head of the Charles regatta will be held Oct. 22-23.— Rose Lincolnlast_img read more

Wellington Police Notes: Thursday, March 3, 2016

first_imgWellington Police notes: Thursday, March 3, 2016•7:12 a.m. Jeremy J. Falley, 33, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation and no proof of insurance.•7:32 a.m. Amanda L. Lassley, 36, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation.•7:45 a.m. Catrina D. Dvorak, 30, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation.•7:50 a.m. McKinzie J. Allton, 25, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation.•8 a.m. Spencer A. Furman, 34, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation.•10:17 a.m. Officers investigated identity theft in the 400 block N. Plum, Wellington by known suspect(s).•1:19 p.m. Kristy K. Debuhr, 32, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation, which occurred March 2, 2016.•1:35 p.m. Dale C. Caine, 21, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for speeding 30 mph in a 20 mph school zone (radar) and driver’s license violation/expired.•3:20 p.m. Ronald R. Todd, 56, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for seatbelt violation.•4:17 p.m. Officers took a report of suspicious activity in the 1300 block N. Poplar, Wellington.•7:01 p.m. Officers investigated criminal trespass in the 800 block N. Woodlawn, Wellington by known suspect.last_img read more

Kenyan men take first 17 places in Singapore marathon

first_imgLast week Kenyan athlete Eliud Kipchoge — who has been acclaimed as the greatest marathon runner of the modern era — won the International Association of Athletics Federations men’s 2018 award.He has dominated marathon racing since making his debut in Hamburg in 2013. The Olympic champion set a new marathon world record in Berlin in September with a time of two hours, one minute and 39 seconds. Joshua Kipkorir crossing the finish line.Singapore, Singapore | AFP | Kenyans finished in the first 17 spots of the men’s Singapore marathon — with winner Joshua Kipkorir completing the race about half an hour quicker than the fastest non-Kenyan.Kipkorir — 24, and competing in the Singapore marathon for the first time — finished Sunday’s race in two hours, 12 minutes and 20 seconds, the second-fastest time in the event’s history, according to organisers.Felix Kirwa was second, a minute behind Kipkorir, while Andrew Kimtai was third.The fastest non-Kenyan was Singaporean runner Soh Rui Yong, lagging far behind the winner, with a time of two hours, 41 minutes and 49 seconds.Kenyan runners also dominated the women’s event, bagging the top five spots.Around 13,000 people took part in the 42-kilometre (26-mile) race.The astonishing results underlined the dominance of Kenyans in marathons, with even Singapore’s tropical heat and humidity proving no barrier to success for runners who typically train at high altitudes. Share on: WhatsApplast_img read more

Coral Springs Dispatchers Fired For Mishandling 911 Call of Shooting

first_imgTwo Coral Springs dispatchers were fired and a supervisor suspended after a Broward woman called 911 dispatch three times in one night to report someone shot at her..but no officers showed up. 911 Dispatcher-911 CallCoral Springs Police Chief Clyde Parry says officers didn’t even realize the incident had occured at firstFL 911 Dispatcher a shootingOfficials began to look into how the supervisor could have mishandled the call…including looking at her Internet history, which showed she was logged into a Netflix account at the time of the call.last_img read more

Woman charged for bringing crossbow to White House

first_imgA California woman is facing charges after allegedly bringing a crossbow to the White House.Stacy Banta, 49, was arrested outside the White House Monday on charges of carrying a dangerous weapon and possessing a destructive device.She reportedly approached a uniformed Secret Service officer and admitted she had a crossbow in her possession as well as arrows in her car nearby.The officer found one crossbow loaded with an arrow and several other arrows inside her vehicle.Banta’s father told a local news outlet he is shocked by his daughter, who is a Trump supporter’s actions.Banta was released from jail and is expected to appear in court Dec. 12.last_img read more

2019 Hurricane season officially over!

first_imgSaturday, Nov. 30, marks the end of Hurricane season for 2019!According to the NOAA, the season produced 18 named storms, including three major hurricanes.The 2019 season marks the fourth consecutive above-normal Atlantic hurricane season, the NOAA says.Hurricane season for 2020 will begin on Monday, June 1.The active 2019 #HurricaneSeason is coming to an end Nov. 30 — 2019 marks the 4th consecutive above-normal #Atlantic hurricane season.How did it compare with our prediction? See https://t.co/LZ143XQd6e via @NWS pic.twitter.com/m3gQenkMiy— NOAA (@NOAA) November 26, 2019 Hurricane names for 2020 thus far include Birtha, Cristobal, Dolly, and Edouard, according to reports.last_img read more

Paramedic accused of poisoning his wife with eye drops

first_imgA  35-year-old paramedic from North Carolina has been accused of poisoning his wife with prescription eye drops in order to collect on her $250,000 life insurance policy.Joshua Hunsucker appeared in court Friday on a first-degree murder charge after the life insurance company launched an investigation into his wife’s untimely death.Hunsucker’s wife Stacy Hunsucker, was said to have passed away in the hospital in September of 2018 after suffering a medical emergency at their home.Medical examiners later discovered that Stacy had high levels of tetrahydrozoline “an active ingredient in a certain eye drop medicine” in her system at the time of her death, according to prosecutor Jordan Green with the North Carolina Department of Insurance.A toxicologist and cardiologist additionally reported that if used in high doses and in a short time span, the medication could cause heart stoppage or heart failure according to Green.Green told the prosecution that authorities have already ruled out the possibility that Stacy committed suicide and stated that investigators believe Joshua poisoned his wife with the drops, despite not going into further details on how he would have gotten the medication into her system.Joshua remains at the Gaston County Jail under a $1.5 million bail. If he is able to post bail, a judge has ordered Joshua to be fitted with a GPS monitor.His next court date is scheduled for sometime in January.last_img read more

Rod Stewart Charged for Allegedly Attacking Security Guard at Palm Beach NYE Party

first_imgLegendary musician and part-time Palm Beach resident Rod Stewart is facing charges, after Palm Beach police say he allegedly punched a security guard during a New Year’s Eve party at the Breakers hotel.Officers say the situation began when the security guard noticed a group of people gathered near the check-in table of the private party who were trying to gain access, but were not authorized to do so.The group became noisy, according to police. That is when Sean Stewart, Rod’s 39-year-old son, approached the security guard, prompting the guard to put his hand on his chest and tell the younger Stewart to back up and make space.Sean Stewart then shoved the security guard backwards. At that point, Rod Stewart reportedly punched the security guard in his “left rib cage area.”Two witnesses who work for the Breakers told police they saw Sean Stewart push the security guard and then observed Rod Stewart punch the guard.Sean and Rod Stewart are facing simple battery charges and were given notices to appear in court on February 5.last_img read more

Former Florida outlet mall worker on the run after murdering manager

first_imgPolice believe he was fired earlier during the day.WFTV reports that Everett also made a list of other employees to target. All of the people on the list were found safe.Officials say there multiple complaints from employees toward Everett in the past.Orlando Police say Daniel Everett armed and dangerous. He is the suspect in the Under Armour homicide on 2/10/20. Please call 9-1-1 if you see him.They believe he could be driving a 2012 Kia Sorento with Florida tag IH21AC. He is described as 6’7″ with a short or bald cut. Investigators are looking for a man who is accused of killing a store manager.Police say 46-year-old Daniel Everett who had been fired from his job at Orlando International Premium Outlets killed a manager in the Under Armour store and is still on the run.According to WFTV in Orlando , Everett fired shots inside the store just after 8 p.m. Monday night. There were around 10-20 shoppers and a manager, identified as 37-year-old Eunice Vazquez, was found dead at the scene.last_img read more