Iapetus Is Losing Its Dry Ice

first_imgHow long can a moon afford to leak?  Iapetus is losing its dry ice (carbon dioxide) through sublimation at a prodigious rate, say scientists in a paper in Icarus this month.1  “One can see that the long-term stability of CO2 is problematic.”    Solving the mystery of the dark side on this mystery moon has been a priority since Voyager days.  After the Sept. 10, 2007 flyby of Iapetus by Cassini (09/13/2007), a strange new theory was proposed: a runaway process makes the ice sublimate and migrate to the bright side or the poles (see Cassini press release from Oct 8, 2007).  This apparently happens to both water ice and carbon dioxide ice (dry ice); see 10/16/2007, bullet 3.    The new Icarus paper modeled what happens to the carbon dioxide.  Because it is so volatile, it sublimates to gas and starts moving.  The warmth of the dark side makes it leave the leading hemisphere permanently.  It migrates to cold traps at the poles – for awhile.  During Saturn’s 29.5 year orbit, the angle of sunlight shifts.  The carbon dioxide molecules leave one pole and migrate to the other in a series of 350 hops.  Thus, the CO2 moves from pole to pole each Saturnian year.    Not all of the gas makes it back.  Palmer and Brown calculated that 12% of it reaches escape velocity and leaves the moon each orbit, never to return.  Yet carbon dioxide was detected in abundance on the surface.  How could any be left after billions of years?  If Iapetus had started with a layer of carbon dioxide ice 5 km thick, they estimated, it could only last for 1.6 billion years.  That’s just about a third of the assumed age of the solar system (4.5 billion years).    One way to save the old age would be to add in more carbon dioxide over time.  The authors ruled out comets as a source, or vents from the interior, like on Enceladus (02/10/2007).  All they could suggest was that carbon dioxide is continually produced by photolysis of the unknown dark material.  Yet the dark layer is known to be thin, because fresh meteor impacts show bright ice underneath.    In any case, they think, the carbon dioxide could not be primordial (as old as the moon); “due to the large escape rate of CO2 from the surface, any free CO2 ice found on Iapetus implies active production, such as photochemical generation, liberation during an impact, or by an active vent.”1.  Eric E. Palmer and Robert H. Brown, “The stability and transport of carbon dioxide on Iapetus,” Icarus, Volume 195, Issue 1, May 2008, Pages 434-446, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.11.020.Do they have any evidence for photochemical generation, liberation during an impact, or active vents?  None whatsoever.  They have been forced into hand-waving to explain away their debt of billions of years.  They thought they could just drop in the Bank of Time again and make another one of their reckless drafts (07/02/2007).  This time, the teller Japheth (the root name of Iapetus) is refusing to heed their song and dance, saying they can’t withdraw any more billions without showing some collateral.(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Empowering Parents to Become Effective Advocates

first_imgDownload a printable version of these tips and our checklist below!Tips to Empower Parents to Become Effective AdvocatesChecklist for Providers Empowering Parents to be Effective AdvocatesReferences:Levinson, E.M. & Palmer, E.J., (2005).  Preparing Students with Disabilities for School-to-Work Transition and Postschool Life.  Retrieved on February 17, 2018.Morin, A. (n.d.).  10 Ways to Be an Effective Advocate for Your Child at School.  Retrieved on February 17, 2018.This MFLN-Military Caregiving concentration blog post was published on March 09, 2018. Written by Rebecca Bardenhagen, M.Ed. and Lakshmi Mahadevan, Ph.D.As a service provider, you will have opportunities to strengthen the confidence of parents/guardians when advocating for their child with disabilities. When parents/guardians are effective advocates, they feel that they are an equal partner with professionals in formulating educational goals for their child. Following are five advocacy strategies that you as service providers can empower parents/guardians to employ:1. Share information and ask questionsParents/guardians should get to know those working with their child and keep an open line of communication.After establishing a relationship with school staff, parents/guardians can ask clarifying questions in a respectful and calm way (Morin, n.d.).The clarifying questions can serve to guide discussions towards specific areas of concern and ideas for solutions to those concerns.2. Maintain a record and organize all communicationsParents/guardians have the right to access all their child’s school-related information.Remind parents/guardians to keep an organized notebook of all report cards, Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), assessments, medical records, and work samples.Additionally, maintaining a communication log will help parents/guardians keep track of who they spoke with, when, and a summary of the discussion. This notebook can be helpful in noticing progress as well as issues that need to be addressed (Morin, n.d.). 3. Become familiar with their rights and that of their childrenParents/guardians should know their child’s rights under the Individual’s with Disabilities Act (IDEA). To find out more specific information, parents/guardians can contact their state’s Parent Training and Information (PTI) Center.IDEA provides money for each state to have at least one PTI whose goal is to assist families with children birth to age 22 who have disabilities. The Center for Parent Information and Resources website has a listing of each state’s PTI.4. Learn important terms related to the needs of the childTo fully understand the kinds of assistance a child is receiving it may be necessary to ask for clarification of terms.The Center for Parent Information and Resources can aid parents/guardians in understanding key terms in special education.5. Talk to professionals about transition plansThe goal of an Individualized Education Program (IEP) is for students to be contributing members, to the best of their abilities, in work and community life.Parents/guardians can contribute to the transition process by encouraging their child to attend and lead their IEP meetings.Additionally, parents/guardians can advocate early (by age 14) for their child to receive a comprehensive career assessment and access to school-to-work transitionA comprehensive career assessment addresses the areas of academic skills, daily living skills, personal and social skills, occupational and vocational skills, career maturity, vocational interests, and vocational aptitudes. These assessments can help identify students’ aptitudes and abilities, allowing parents/guardians and schools to plan realistic future coursework (Levinson, E.M. & Palmer, E.J., 2005).last_img read more

Fajardo on pace for PBA record 6th BPC award; Ravena leads rookies

first_imgBrace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosa Fajardo is well ahead of his peers in the statistical points (SPs) race after the 2018 PBA Philippine Cup elimination round with 44.1 SPs.The Cebuano center leads the league in scoring with 22.8 points, and is second in rebounds with 13.2 boards, and blocks with 2.1 per game, helping defending three-time Philippine Cup champion San Miguel earn the top seed ahead of the quarterfinals.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university PLAY LIST 01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Completing the top 10 are Marcio Lassiter of San Miguel (32.4 SPs), Scottie Thompson of Ginebra (32.3 SPs), Sean Anthony of GlobalPort (32.2 SPs), Paul Lee of Magnolia (31.5 SPs), and Matthew Wright of Phoenix (31.4 SPs).As expected, NLEX guard Kiefer Ravena is topping all rookies in the statistical points race, gathering 27.0 SPs thanks to his averages of 15.5 points, 3.5 rebounds, 2.6 assists, and 1.9 steals to finish 22nd overall.Closely chasing him is Alaska swingman Jeron Teng (25.2 SPs), followed by Phoenix bruiser Jason Perkins (22.3 SPs), Blackwater big man Raymar Jose (20.3 SPs), and Magnolia sniper Robbie Herndon (15.8 SPs). LATEST STORIES LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netJune Mar Fajardo is once again on track to make PBA history.The reigning four-time PBA Most Valuable Player is on pace for a record-breaking sixth Best Player of the Conference award.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Pussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatuscenter_img Read Next Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving MOST READ Typhoon ‘Tisoy’ threatens Games Once again, @TheSMBeermen’s June Mar Fajardo leads the BPC race for the #PBA2018 Philippine Cup after the eliminations. Teammate @arwindsotnas is at 2nd. pic.twitter.com/tlbQgYzCa0— Randolph B. Leongson (@RLeongsonINQ) March 5, 2018 Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Ebondo hits game winner to lift CEU over JRU Fajardo, who has won the BPC plum in the last four editions of the all-Filipino conference, is currently tied with his mentor Danny Ildefonso for the most BPC awards with five.At distant second is Beermen teammate Arwind Santos, who collected 37.6 SPs after netting 16.3 markers, 10.5 rebounds, 2.4 assists, 2.0 blocks, and 1.4 steals.GlobalPort guard Stanley Pringle is in third with 35.6 SPs after norming 20.2 markers, 7.5 boards, and 4.6 dimes, while Blackwater big man JP Erram is in fourth with 35.3 SPs after leading the league in rebounding (13.8 boards) and blocks (2.9) on top of his 14.2 points.Rounding out the top five is Ginebra forward Japeth Aguilar, who amassed 34.2 SPs.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

2009 Be Active Super League

first_imgTompkins Claim First Men’s Open CrownThe Tompkins Park Sharks have claimed their first ever Men’s Open trophy, claiming the 2009 Be Active Super League crown with a dominant 9 – 5 victory over Perth Brothers in Perth tonight (Sun 8th Nov).Hosting the finals series, Tompkins Park flew out of the blocks to take a 3 – 0 lead in just the first three minutes, and although Brothers never lost touch with the Sharks, the home side always looked in control of the match, after taking a 7 – 2 lead into half time.In the Women’s Open division, Northern Districts made it back to back Super League victories, defeating Perth Brothers 5 – 3 in the final.Surprisingly to some, Shelley Matcham donned heavy protection to her knee and contributed to the win, while fellow Australian representative Zoe Aiken-Dacey took control in the middle of the ground.Earlier in the day, the Fremantle Rebels took the Mixed Open title over Bunbury.  Both teams were locked at 4-all at half time, and although Bunbury’s Jeremy Te Uira crossed for four touchdowns in the match, it wasn’t enough to stop Freo from running over the top of the south west team to win 9 – 6.The focus of teams now shifts to the Be Active State Championships, appearing in November for the first time.  The State Championships will feature 42 teams and players from around Western Australia from 20th – 22nd November at McGillivray Oval.2009 Be Active Super League – Scores & AwardsMen’s OpenTompkins Park Sharks (9) def Perth Brothers (5).Keith Harris-Walker Medal – Jessie Murphy (Tompkins Park)Finals Referees   Karen Woods                                Brendon Antrobus                                Tony ArnelWomen’s OpenNorthern Districts Spirit (5) def Perth Brothers (3)Karamea Dorset Medal – Michelle Gilpin (Northern Districts)Finals Referees   Phil Galvin                                Justin Parsons                                James McMahonMixed OpenFremantle Rebels (9) def Bunbury (6)Finals Referees   Richard McIlroy                                John Bedford                                John CorserRelated Filesmedia_release_081109-doclast_img read more

Call-out for youth program coaches & managers

first_imgTouch Football Australia (TFA) is currently seeking to appoint suitably qualified coaches to the vacant coaching and team manager positions within the National Youth Program. The Australian Youth teams will be attending the 2020 Youth Trans Tasman in Australia in January 2020.Expression of Interest ProcessTFA is seeking Expressions of Interest (EOI) from suitably qualified, currently accredited and active Elite level coaches and managers to fill the following positions.National Youth Program:Men’s 20s Coach, Assistant Coach and ManagerMen’s 18s Coach, Assistant Coach and ManagerWomen’s 20s Coach, Assistant Coach and ManagerWomen’s 18s Coach, Assistant Coach and ManagerMixed 18s Coach, Assistant Coach and ManagerMixed 20s Coach, Assistant Coach and ManagerCoach and Assistant CoachTo submit your Expression of Interest (EOI) for all coaching positions please click on the link below. The link will take you to a page to submit your details for the application.https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/youthprogram2020The EOI will include:NameContact DetailsNCAS Coaching LevelPrevious Elite level (only) Coaching ExperienceVarious questions which can be found by clicking the above link.Expressions of interest for these coaching positions will close at 5pm Monday 4th March, 2019.Team ManagerTo submit your Expression of Interest (EOI) for the team manager positions please click on the link below. The link will take you to a page to submit your details for the application.https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/youthmanager2020Expressions of interest for these positions will close at 5pm Monday 4th March 2019.Appointment TermsThe appointment term for these positions will be from date of appointment in 2019 through to completion of all responsibilities after the 2020 Youth Trans Tasman. This campaign will involve attendance by the appointed Coaches and Managers at all team and national selection camps throughout the Trans Tasman preparation.Appointment ConsiderationsAs an Australian coaching staff member there will be a large emphasis on interaction across the program, innovation within coaching and constant professional development.  This will require a need for individuals who are willing to participate in a collaborative environment, with high levels of accountability, adherence to improving technical knowledge and a focus on leadership and management.The appointment processes for all volunteers within the HP Program, takes into account the balance of the applicants’ current skills and areas for improvement.  In the same way coaches select athletes to fit a role within a team plan, volunteers will be selected and required to full fill the role to deliver success for Touch Football Australia.Outlined below for your information is the prescribed key selection criteria for all volunteer appointments within TFA:Actively work as leaders within the broader organisation, with an ability to promote positive/collaborative working relationships and represent the organisation in a professional manner.Actively promote a positive culture among the appointed group, reflective of the organisation’s expectations for all participants within the sport, and above all else in line with TFA Code of Conduct and other policies.Display an ability to work independently as well as within a team environment.Actively communicate and prepare for specific requirements of the role.Complete agreed assigned tasks to the expected standard of the organisation.Maintain absolute confidence with any confidential or Intellectual Property related information of the organisation.Hold and/or obtain required accreditations to undertake the role.Support TFA in the coordination and development of other volunteers.Aiding in conflict resolution as required.Photography: Phil McIlwraithlast_img read more

Novelist Steven Galloway files defamation suit over sexual assault allegations

first_imgVANCOUVER – The former chair of the creative writing program at the University of British Columbia is suing a woman, claiming she falsely accused him of sexual and physical assaults.Steven Galloway’s lawsuit also accuses two dozen other people of repeating the accusations on social media.The lawsuit filed by the novelist in the B.C. Supreme Court claims he was defamed and suffered damage to his reputation. It asks for damages and an injunction preventing the defendants from repeating the allegations, as well as having them removed from the internet.“The defamation began with false statements by (the woman) to several other defendants, who recklessly repeated and asserted the truth of the accusations both within UBC and publicly on the internet, including on Twitter,” the statement of claim says.Galloway was suspended from the university in November 2015 while an investigation was completed into what the school said were serious allegations of misconduct.In December of that year, the university asked a former B.C. Supreme Court judge to investigate complaints against Galloway. Mary Ellen Boyd’s report, submitted in April 2016, has never been made public.Galloway was fired that June.A labour arbitration decision later ordered the university to pay Galloway $167,000 in damages for statements the school made during the process that violated his privacy rights and harmed his reputation.However, the faculty association withdrew its claim to have Galloway reinstated to his post without giving details. The issue of whether the university had cause to dismiss the professor was no longer contested.Galloway’s statement of claim, filed on Friday, says he had a consensual romantic affair that lasted two years with one of the defendants. Unless consent has been granted, The Canadian Press does not identify those who allege they have been sexually assaulted.The statement says both were married, and their affair was adulterous. It asserts that the woman made the false allegations to “deflect blame and create a false narrative to portray herself as innocent in the affair.”None of the allegations made in the statement of claim have been proven in court and no statements of defence have been filed.The woman could not be reached for comment, but a lawyer who represented her previously, including during Boyd’s investigation, says no client of hers has been served with a claim.“It appears the plaintiff took the story directly to the press,” Joanna Birenbaum said in an emailed statement.Birenbaum directed The Canadian Press to an open letter posted online that she wrote to university president Santo Ono, asking him to release Boyd’s full report to her client.“UBC’s refusal to disclose an unredacted copy of the Boyd Report to (the woman) is preventing her from responding to defamatory attacks on her character and causing harm and damage to her reputation,” says the letter, dated Aug. 29, 2018.Attached to the letter were excerpts of redacted sections of the Boyd report that she received.The document says Boyd accepted the woman’s allegations that Galloway made increasingly inappropriate sexual comments and advances towards her over a number of months in late 2010 and 2011.“I find that (the woman) found herself in a situation where the ‘stakes were high’ since she believed that unless she tolerate this conduct, her acceptance into the MFA (master of fine arts) program and other special treatment she had been promised … might be in jeopardy,” the letter says.Galloway responded to a request for comment with a statement saying he was prohibited from discussing matters related to his termination.He said Birenbaum’s comments deflect attention away from his claims that the woman made multiple false and malicious allegations against him, “the most destructive of which includes sexual assault.”“I have already apologized for my consensual relationship with (the woman); I deeply regret it, but I do not accept her lies or attempts to promote herself and profit from them.”Galloway’s lawyer, Daniel Burnett, said the lawsuit is about far more severe accusations than those mentioned in the redacted Boyd report.Galloway said in a statement issued in November 2016, shortly after the Boyd report was released to him, that on the balance of probabilities the retired judge found he had not committed sexual assault.In an article written for the National Post that was published in July, Galloway wrote that he did not assault his accuser, referred to as the Main Complainant or MC.“A highly respected former B.C. Supreme Court judge, Justice Mary Ellen Boyd, after conducting an exhaustive, five-month investigation, determined that she was ‘unable to find’ that any of MC’s allegations happened, and that not a single one of the ancillary complaints constituted any form of misconduct,” he said.The lawsuit names 24 other people for allegedly repeating the allegations of sexual and physical assault. The Canadian Press attempted to reach many of those named, although some use a pseudonym and others are only identified as John or Jane Doe.Glynnis Kirchmeier is accused of defamation in a tweet from February of this year.“That piece said Galloway had an ‘affair,’ which we now know is what he calls raping,” the statement of claim says of a comment on social media.Kirchmeier said in an interview she hasn’t been served the statement of claim and she’s not concerned about the allegation.“I don’t know how much of an economic strait he’s in, but if he thinks that one tweet justifies any sort of damages to him, I just don’t see it.”Mandi Gray says she also hasn’t been served the document and doesn’t know what she is alleged to have done.“I tweet a lot, so I’d have to see the actual tweets themselves,” she said, adding she has been outspoken about the way the university handled the case.“I think it’s really concerning if we aren’t able to talk about these cases, especially when we have people in his corner speaking so loudly about due process.”Others named in the lawsuit declined comment, while many couldn’t immediately be reached.Galloway is the author of three novels, including “The Confabulist” and “The Cellist of Sarajevo.” He was nominated for the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award and the Scotiabank Giller Prize.Burnett said if his client were to sue over every unfair statement that is in the public domain the lawsuit would involve many more people.“He has focused this lawsuit on the most serious allegations, the allegations that are effectively criminal in nature, people who are calling him a rapist, a sexual assaulter,” he said.Burnett said several of those named in the lawsuit have been served the statement of claim.last_img read more

Reds Indians week in review

Cleveland IndiansThe Cleveland Indians struggled offensively once again, going 2-4 in series’ against the Los Angeles Angels and the Minnesota Twins.After taking only one of three from the Angels, the Tribe returned home and only won one in a weekend series against the division-leading Twins.The Indians are 10-14, 5-and-a-half games behind the Twins in the American League Central and in third place behind Detroit.Studs: Austin Kearns. The former Cincinnati Reds slugger had a big week, with seven hits and six RBIs in three games against the Angels. He came into Sunday’s game against Minnesota hitting .357, with two home runs and 12 RBIs.Duds: The offense. The Indians’ offense continues to be a major disappointment, with an American League-worst 85 runs. Those fortunes could change when highly touted catching prospect Carlos Santana gets called up from the Columbus Clippers.Up Next: The Indians continue their homestand with three games against Toronto beginning Monday and a three-game weekend series with the Detroit Tigers. Cincinnati RedsStep by step, the Reds are creeping back from a sluggish start to the season.The Reds opened up their week on the road with a three-game series at Houston.For the first time this season, Reds fans had their chance to bring out the brooms, as the Reds swept the series against the Astros.Pitchers Aaron Harang and Bronson Arroyo had some solid outings, each recording a win in the first and third games of the series respectively, and Mike Leake continued a brilliant start to his professional career recording a win off his seven-inning, five-hit performance in the second game.Pitcher Johnny Cueto helped the Reds’ win-streak get to five games on Friday, as the Reds won at St. Louis.The streak then came to an end Saturday as the Reds couldn’t match the Cardinals’ late-game surge, losing the game 6-3.Studs: The Rotation. At the beginning of the season, it seemed like these guys were never going to win a game for the Reds. In just this past week, Harang, Leake, Arroyo and Cueto all recorded wins, and didn’t leave it up to late game heroics to ensure a Reds’ win.Duds: Jonny Gomes. It was tough because no one Red had a really bad week. Gomes has only two hits in 15 at-bats over the last six games, though, and he’s a liability in the field as it is.Next Week: The Reds come back home this week as they host a series with the Mets today, and then get a day off before hosting a three-game series against the Cubs. read more

Gracia believes that Doucoure should stay at Watford

first_imgJavi Gracia is certain that Abdoulaye Doucoure shouldn’t rush on his move from the club because he can fulfil his European dream even with the Hornets if he will, in the end, decide to stay here.The new Watford coach knows that there are a couple of clubs interested in Doucoure and he would be keen on a potential transfer as well – but he believes that it wouldn’t be the right choice.The Spaniard spoke about his side’s talented player as he said, according to Sky Sports:Players who made it public that they weren’t happy in their club Jozef Fabian – September 12, 2019 Football is about so much more than what happens on the pitch.“Doucoure is playing for a very big team, playing in the Premier League and in the future I would like him to play with Watford in Europe.”“Maybe in the future, he can play with other big clubs who play in the Champions League.”“But what I feel at this moment is that all of our players are proud to belong at this club. They are concentrated on the next match and trying to put the team as high in the table as possible.”last_img read more

Solskjaer reveals what he told his squad

first_imgThe Manchester United caretaker had to tell his team to not “feel sorry for yourself” after they lost 2-0 at home against PSG.Paris Saint-Germain came to Old Trafford and went back to France with a 2-0 victory over hosts Manchester United.The game was part of the UEFA Champions League Round of 16.And in his first defeat after being assigned caretaker of the club, manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer spoke to his players.“Don’t feel sorry for yourself,” Solskjaer was quoted by the Manchester United official site.“This is something you’ve got to learn from. This is a level up from what we’re used to. They were experienced, they bought some fouls – things like this, this is just part of their learning as players.”“Many of our players are very young. It’s the first time Jesse and Marcus will play a proper Champions League game at Old Trafford. So, learn from that. You can’t feel sorry for yourself,” he added.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“We have to bounce back,” he said. “At this club, you have to bounce back. In a tournament like the Champions League, it’s going to be difficult whoever you play against but our bread and butter is the league and we’ve got the FA Cup against Chelsea as well.”“We have to look forward. We’ve got Chelsea and Liverpool in the next two games. Whoever is feeling sorry for themselves they will not play, probably, against Chelsea,” he commented.“We’ve got so many games to play for, so no. You can see the reaction in the changing room, they’re disappointed but there is some determination and desire there to put it right.”“When we go to Paris we’ll give it a go. Of course, it’s a difficult mountain to climb but it’s not impossible if we get to half-time with a 1-0 lead, that’s what we’ve got to look for,” he concluded.🔴⚪️⚫️ #MUFC— Manchester United (@ManUtd) February 13, 2019last_img read more