Effective monitoring of changes in the geographic distribution of cryospheric vegetation requires high-resolution and accurate baseline maps. The rationale of the present study is to compare multiple feature extraction approaches to remotely mapping vegetation in Antarctica, assessing which give the greatest accuracy and reproducibility relative to those currently available. This study provides precise, high-resolution, and refined baseline information on vegetation distribution as is required to enable future spatiotemporal change analyses of the vegetation in Antarctica. We designed and implemented a semiautomated customized normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) approach for extracting cryospheric vegetation by incorporating very high resolution (VHR) 8-band WorldView-2 (WV-2) satellite data. The viability of state-of-the-art target detection, spectral processing/matching, and pixel-wise supervised classification feature extraction techniques are compared with the customized NDVI approach devised in this study. An extensive quantitative and comparative assessment was made by evaluating four semiautomatic feature extraction approaches consisting of 16 feature extraction standalone methods (four customized NDVI plus 12 existing methods) for mapping vegetation on Fisher Island and Stornes Peninsula in the Larsemann Hills, situated on continental east Antarctica. The results indicated that the customized NDVI approach achieved superior performance (average bias error ranged from ~6.44 ± 1.34% to ~11.55 ± 1.34%) and highest statistical stability in terms of performance when compared with existing feature extraction approaches. Overall, the accuracy analysis of the vegetation mapping relative to manually digitized reference data (supplemented by validation with ground truthing) indicated that the 16 semi-automatic mapping methods representing four general feature extraction approaches extracted vegetated area from Fisher Island and Stornes Peninsula totalling between 2.38 and 3.72 km2 (2.85 ± 0.10 km2 on average) with bias values ranging from 3.49 to 31.39% (average 12.81 ± 1.88%) and average root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.41 km2 (14.73 ± 1.88%). Further, the robustness of the analyses and results were endorsed by a cross-validation experiment conducted to map vegetation from the Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica. Based on the robust comparative analysis of these 16 methods, vegetation maps of the Larsemann Hills and Schirmacher Oasis were derived by ensemble merging of the five top-performing methods (Mixture Tuned Matched Filtering, Matched Filtering, Matched Filtering/Spectral Angle Mapper Ratio, NDVI-2, and NDVI-4). This study is the first of its kind to detect and map sparse and isolated vegetated patches (with smallest area of 0.25 m2) in East Antarctica using VHR data and to use ensemble merging of feature extraction methods, and provides access to an important indicator for environmental change.
LAWYER LOSES APPEALS OVER INDY SKYLINE PHOTOBY DAVID STAFFORD for INDIANA LAWYERAn Indianapolis lawyer who defendants call a copyright troll lost his appeals against three people who successfully defended against his suits over use of one of his photos.Richard Bell owns the copyright to two Indianapolis skyline photos that are the subject of the suits – one a daytime picture and the other taken at night. He has sued hundreds of people for copyright infringement for allegedly using the copyrighted photos on websites without first paying him a $200 licensing fee.Bell sued Cameron Taylor and his computer business Taylor Solutions; Fred O’Brien and his company Insurance Concepts; and Shanna Cheatham and her real estate site ShannaSells.com, alleging copyright infringement, unfair competition and theft. Judge Tanya Walton Pratt in August 2014 granted summary judgment in favor of the defendants, and the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed Friday.Bell argued that summary judgment was improper because his affidavit and website price listing create a genuine dispute of material fact as to whether he suffered damages from the infringement. He contends that the District Court erred by making a credibility determination when it characterized Bell’s affidavit [stating the photos had a fair market value of $200] as an “unsupported assertion,” Judge Joel Flaum wrote for the panel.“Bell does not aver in his affidavit that he has ever actually had a buyer willing to pay $200 for his photo. Instead, he states that he ‘believes that the price of $200 is fair and reasonable and represents the fair market value. …” Without additional evidence, Bell’s subjective belief as to the fair market value of his photo is not enough to prove damages,” Flaum wrote in affirming summary judgment for the O’Brien and Cheatham defendants.Flaum wrote “Bell attempted to obfuscate the issue of damages by objecting to defendants’ motion to compel his sales records,” claiming they were irrelevant and confidential. “After the district court granted defendants’ motion to compel, Bell still did not produce any sales records; rather, he moved for a protective order, which the district court denied.”The panel also held the District Court properly denied as overbroad Bell’s discovery demands that included 11 years of income tax records from O’Brien and Cheatham.The 7th Circuit also affirmed the rulings in favor of the Taylor defendants. Bell wrongly complained that Taylor had used the daytime photo, and the District Court denied as untimely his motion to amend his complaint to correct that Taylor had used the nighttime photo.“The district court found that Bell was not diligent in discovering his mistake regarding which photo Taylor had actually posted. During discovery in April 2013, Taylor sent Bell a copy of the nighttime photo that he had posted and stated in his interrogatory answers that he had never used the daytime photo. Thus, the district court found that Bell was on notice that Taylor had used the nighttime photo, not the daytime photo identified in the complaint,” Flaum wrote. “Yet Bell failed to act on this information until March 12, 2014, well after the July 15, 2013, deadline for amending pleadings had passed. Further, the court pointed out that Bell filed his motion to amend just four weeks prior to the dispositive motions deadlines and at the close of discovery. Thus, granting Bell’s motion would cause further delay and prejudice to defendants by affecting the summary judgment schedule and potentially creating a need to reopen discovery. For these reasons, the district court denied Bell’s motion to amend.”Bell “contends that it was Taylor who delayed the proceedings by not being forthcoming about why he was denying Bell’s allegations. This argument fails because Taylor gave Bell adequate notice that he had not used the daytime photo and was not required to do more to help Bell correct his error,” the court wrote.The panel also affirmed the District Court ruling dismissing a subsequent case Bell filed against Taylor based on res judicata, holding that such a ruling would have little practical effect. “We decline Bell’s suggestion that we should use the limited resources of the judiciary in this manner,” Flaum wrote.The case is Richard Bell v. Cameron Taylor, et al.,15-2343, 15-3735, 15-3731.inShareFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Southcoast Today:Turbine foundations will be built at Brayton Point in Somerset if Bay State Wind receives a Massachusetts contract for offshore wind, a company spokeswoman said Thursday.German steel maker EEW and Houston-based steel company Gulf Island Fabrication, which will provide foundations for the project, have selected the former Brayton Point [coal-fired] power plant as their manufacturing location, according to Lauren Burm, a spokeswoman for Orsted, one of Bay State Wind’s parent companies.Timothy Mack, who does business development in U.S. offshore wind for EEW, said the steel companies are negotiating a long-term lease for the entire Brayton Point property. “We think it’s one of the few long-term sites that…has long-term viability due to the quayside, the large acreage and the proximity to the sites,” he said.Another plus for Brayton Point is the shipping channel, according to Mack. The dredged channel that served the plant for some 30 years for coal delivery remains largely intact.Bay State Wind, a joint venture between Danish energy company Orsted and local energy company Eversource, is one of three projects competing in a state-supervised bidding process to supply offshore wind power to Massachusetts energy distribution companies. A 2016 state law requires the power companies to buy electricity from offshore wind.More: Brayton Point Chosen For Wind Turbine Foundation Factory Former Coal Plant Could Be Reborn as Offshore Wind Fabrication Facility
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has recommended that ministers and diplomats skip a meeting in New York next month of the Commission on the Status of Women due to the coronavirus outbreak, according to a letter seen by Reuters on Friday.More than 7,000 people usually attend the annual meeting, officials said, which is dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. It is due to be held from March 9 to 20.However, in a letter to UN member states from the chair of the commission, Armenia’s UN Ambassador Mher Margaryan said Guterres had recommended that member states “shorten and scale down the session” and cancel dozens of side events. Topics : “He also strongly recommended that capital-based representatives refrain from traveling to headquarters for the session,” Margaryan wrote.The bureau of the Commission on the Status of Women proposed that member states agree to Guterres’ recommendations at a meeting on Monday.UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said Guterres made the recommendations given the “fast-evolving situation” with the coronavirus and the need to “balance the UN’s critical work and public health concerns”.”The advice given by the secretary-general is based on inputs from the Senior Emergency Policy Team and very close consultations between the UN Medical Services and the World Health Organization,” Dujarric said.The flu-like virus that emerged from central China late last year has spread to about 60 countries, infected more than 85,000 people and killed almost 3,000, mostly in China.
By: The Office of Governor Tom Wolf Economy, Jobs That Pay, Round-Up, The Blog This month, Pennsylvania continued to attract businesses in pursuit of highly skilled talent and a robust economic climate that only the Keystone State can offer.Following Amazon’s request for proposals for a second headquarters in North America, Governor Wolf lead a statewide bipartisan effort to promote the commonwealth as the prime location for the company’s HQ2 project. The effort included the launch of Amazon in PA web page, a collection of economic facts and joint letters of support from Pennsylvania’s congressional delegation, legislative leaders, education advocates, and cabinet officials.Highlights this month also include Google CEO Sundar Pichai’s Pittsburgh launch of Grow with Google, a new digital skills workforce development initiative to help educators and small business nationwide, and the announcement that Royal Industries International, Inc., a manufacturer of promotional products, plans to move operations from Brooklyn, NY to Allentown, creating 80 new Pennsylvania jobs.Governor Wolf also joined Steve Case, founder of AOL and Revolution, on the Rise of the Rest tour that showcased several start-ups operating in central Pennsylvania.Finally, two Pennsylvania cities were ranked in the top 25 startup cities, Philadelphia (3) and Pittsburgh (12), according to a report by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation.Highlights from October 2017Governor Wolf Announces Relocation of Royal Industries International, Inc. Into Pennsylvania, Creating 80 JobsGovernor Wolf Announces Google to Invest in Workforce, Business DevelopmentGovernor Wolf’s Middle Class Task Force Hears From North Central PennsylvaniaState Leaders Come Together in Effort to Attract Amazon HQ2 to PennsylvaniaGovernor Wolf Announces Investment in Water Infrastructure Projects in 12 CountiesWolf Administration to Announce Partnership with CVS Health to Create ‘Jobs that Pay’ for Pennsylvanians with DisabilitiesGovernor Wolf Announces $25.4 Million Investment in Clean Water Infrastructure Impacting Seven CountiesGovernor Wolf Announces Thousands of Roadway Miles Paved, Hundreds of Bridge Projects Initiated this YearGovernor Wolf Launches New Manufacturing PA InitiativeGovernor Wolf’s Middle Class Task Force Stops in Northeastern PennsylvaniaHighlights from Instagram October Jobs That Pay Update: #AmazonInPA, Launching Google Skills, Moving Jobs from NYC to the Lehigh Valley Like Governor Tom Wolf on Facebook: Facebook.com/GovernorWolf October 25, 2017 SHARE Email Facebook Twitter
Share 92 Views one comment Share Sharing is caring! Share Police officers on the scene in SoufriereBus drivers and owners in the Soufriere community have mounted a strike citing poor road conditions.Several individuals were left stranded and unable to make their way to Roseau for work and school.According to a villager the drivers are complaining that their roads have not been repaired for several years and often they are the ones who attempt to “patch the road with tarish”.They are also complaining that the poor road condition poses an additional cost for them as they have to constant pay for repairs and servicing of their vehicles.Public Relations Officer of the ruling Labour Party, Philbert Aaron, announced on a radio program this morning when the news broke that he had been reliably informed that “work should have commenced on road this day”.Dominica Vibes News understands that police officers are on the scene in Soufriere and will provide further details as they unfold.Dominica Vibes News LocalNews Soufriere bus drivers on strike! by: – May 2, 2012 Tweet
Recently I read an article in the Indianapolis Star that talked about 5 NBA stars with Indiana connections. All 5 are capable of leading their teams to playoff berths. They are:1. Gordon Hayward of Brownsburg, Butler, and now Utah2. Zach Randolph of Marion High School who went directly to Memphis3. Mike Connelly of Lawrence North and also with Memphis4. Jeff Teague of Pike High School is a member of the Atlanta Hawks.5. Victor Olidipo of Indiana University and also a member of the HawksPut these 5 on the same team, and you would win a lot of NBA games
INDIANA — Your chances to win the lottery in Indiana are going up.Hoosier Lotto is now Hoosier Lotto with +PLUS.The new game is designed for bigger prizes.For $1 more, the PLUS option gives you a 2nd chance at winning money by allowing you to match your numbers to a 2nd 6 number set.Numbers will still be drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights.
Ryan Harris ruled the Sunday IMCA Sunoco Stock Car feature at Raceway Park. (Photo by Tim Smith)By Bob ConeyJEFFERSON, S.D. (May 7) – New drivers hit victory lane in all five divisions Sunday at Raceway Park.The Casey’s General Store IMCA Stock Car feature had some of the best action of the evening with Ryan Harris coming out on top of a long battle with Jason Ward. Behind the duo of Harris and Ward, Greg Taylor took the third finishing position followed by Jeff Atkins.The Total Motors IMCA Modifieds saw Bob Moore roll out to a 10-car lead in the early laps that he would hold all the way to the checkered flag, with opening week winner Chris Abelson taking the runner-up spot.Rusty Montagne was the KCAU9 IMCA Northern SportMod winner and Tony Fetterman topped the CarQuest IMCA Hobby Stocks.Tyler Thompson paced the Z98 IMCA Sport Compacts.
RelatedPosts Djokovic clinches fifth Italian Open title Halep wins Italian Open Muguruza, Kenin for Australian Open final Defending champion, Karolina Pliskova, eased into the final of the WTA Italian Open on Sunday to set up a meeting with top seed Simona Halep of Romania.Pliskova, the second seed, beat fellow Czech Marketa Vondrousova 6-2, 6-4 in the semi-finals of the final warm-up tournament on clay before the French Open. Top seed Halep battled to conquer Spanish ninth seed Garbine Muguruza 6-3, 4-6, 6-4 in their earlier semi-final at the Foro Italico.World number two Halep is seeking her first Rome title after finishing runner-up in 2017 and 2018.Tags: Foro ItalicoKarolina PliskovaMarketa VondrousovaSimona HalepWTA Italian Open