New report shows agriculture productivity consistently up

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Farmers in Ohio have been producing more and, on average, earning slightly more too.Improved technology, rising crop yields, farmer ingenuity and lower prices for farm inputs have led to higher agricultural productivity, specifically annual increases of 1.6% since the 1950s, according to a report produced by a team of agricultural economists from the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) at The Ohio State University. The just-released report examines trends in Ohio’s agricultural and food production sectors, analyzing data from 2015, the most recent statistics available.Farm incomes too have steadily improved, having increased an average of 2.2% a year since 2005.Combined, Ohio’s agricultural and food production cluster employed 402,874 (one out of every eight) Ohioans in 2015 and contributed $33 billion (5.3%) to Ohio’s gross state product, a measure of the market value of all goods and services produced within the state.Along with the $33 billion, the state’s agricultural and food production cluster contributed an additional $20 billion to Ohio’s 2015 economy indirectly through farmer payments for various expenses such as rent and accounting services, as well as income that farm employees used to buy goods and services.Adding the direct and indirect earnings, the total contribution of the agricultural and food production sectors to Ohio’s economy in 2015 was $53 billion.“It’s going up, but slower than other parts of the state’s economy,” said Tim Haab, one of the report’s authors and chair of CFAES’ Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics.As expected, increased productivity on the farm has led to decreasing commodity prices and a reduction in employment opportunities in agricultural and food production, according to the report. Since 1994, Ohio’s employment has declined by 23.5% in the farm input sector, 38% in agricultural production (farming), 16.9% in food processing and 47.1% in food wholesaling/retailing. The loss of agricultural jobs is especially challenging for people living in Ohio’s rural areas, where employment opportunities are already limited, Haab said.“Employment matters, especially in rural communities,” he said. “Manufacturing and employment have been declining, disproportionately affecting rural communities.”Consistent with national trends, the food-processing sector in Ohio has seen a continuous decline since 2005, the report states. Food processing involves changing anything that is grown or raised into a marketable product, such as cattle into steak or tree into lumber. Much of that decline was driven by the drop in demand for wood for either paper or furniture. Once a thriving industry in Ohio and nationwide, forestry has seen significant losses in recent years.Among the positive trends highlighted in the report is that Ohio’s restaurants and bars have experienced strong growth, employing more people and contributing an increasing amount to the state’s economy since 1994. Restaurants and bars employ 496,342 Ohioans, a 37.5% increase since 1994.“According to the Economic Contribution of Agricultural and Food Production to the Ohio Economy report, agricultural and food production in Ohio continues to grow despite decreasing employment and decreasing commodity prices,” said Cathann A. Kress, vice president for agricultural administration and dean of CFAES. “Total sales in the agricultural and food production cluster with restaurants and bars in 2015 was $123.8 billion up from $105.2 billion in 2010.”Agriculture and food production remain a vital part of Ohio’s economy, Haab said.“This report is an opportunity to identify the trends and determine the implications so that all parties involved can work to ensure the future of rural communities and all of Ohio,” he said.The report is the result of a collaborative analysis and writing process that included the CFAES Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics outreach committee, external peer reviewers and stakeholders. The last report outlining the contribution of Ohio’s agriculture and food-related industries to the state’s economy was released in 2012.last_img read more

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Why Filmmakers and Photographers Prefer to Use Soft Light

first_imgIn this article, we take a look at why most filmmakers and photographers prefer to light their subjects with large, soft light sources.Soft light is so much more flattering to the face and body than hard light — it diffuses hard shadows, softens dark areas, and generally eliminates the edges that can distract from the natural angles of the human form. All of which are good reasons why filmmakers and photographers prefer soft light. If you watch behind-the-scenes footage of Hollywood blockbusters, you’ll see the huge scrims and diffusion frames that DPs use to get that quality of lighting. And 20×20 foot diffusion frames aren’t unusual. Roger Deakins, ASC, is famous for his “Cove Light,” which is an 80-foot long piece of bleached muslin line on an entire room with a key. This creates a flattering, wrapping light for his subjects — instrumental for the look he creates.Despite this prevalence of soft lighting, there’s no real metric for measuring how soft light is, or how to get the right level of softness.One aspect to take into account is that softness is comes from the size of the source, relative to its distance from the subject. I have always worked from the assumption that soft light comes from a light the same size as the subject — or the part being photographed — and the same distance from the object you’re lighting.To put this into practical terms, if you’re shooting an actor’s head and shoulders, a roughly 2×2 foot area, you can produce objectively soft light by placing a 2×2 foot light two feet away from the actor. If you want the same level of softness in a mid-shot of two people talking at a table (a roughly 5×5 foot area), you’ll need to place a 5×5 foot light five feet away.If you’re only looking for softish light, you can get away with a 5×5 foot source ten feet away, or a 10×10 foot source twenty feet away. Because of the inverse square law, which dictates that light is 1/4 as bright every time you double your distance from it, it’s difficult to get bright enough light from far away. Most DPs and their gaffers keep the lights just out of frame and go for the biggest source available.If you want very soft light, you could put a 10’x10’ source five feet away. This is what Deakins does with his Cove Light. For a scene in the movie Unbroken, Deakins rented almost every 20K light in Australia (over twenty of them), to illuminate the windows forty feet from the conversation taking place between characters. This gave him soft wrapping light, without making the scene look artificially lit.Image via Unbroken (Universal Pictures).This metric has been used in photography for a long time, and it’s slowly making its away into mainstream cinematography.Those giant diffusion frames on film sets usually aren’t the result of the DP trying to get the softest light possible; rather, they’re an attempt to light very large subjects — like a group of people or a house — and still maintain some sense of evenness of light. The crane-mounted rig Greig Frasier used to light the Bin Laden raid in Zero Dark Thirty was massive. However, it was still only the size of the part of the compound they were lighting, and it followed the same rule.Image via Zero Dark Thirty (Columbia Pictures).Close-ups are easy to light with soft sources because you can get the light very close to the subject. Wides are much harder because you need to back up the lights to keep them out of the frame. Tracking shots are harder still because of the distance they cover.Cover image via Revolutionary Road (DreamWorks).Looking for more on lighting? Check out these articles.Inside the Electric Department: Lighting, Tools, and Safety SkillsEfficiently Lighting and Shooting Product Shots for YouTubeLighting in a Pinch: Five Tricks Using Your Mobile PhoneOn the Market: Five Great Key Lights for Five Different BudgetsAre Bedsheets a Viable Option for Low-Budget Light Diffusion?last_img read more

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20 days agoMan Utd boss Solskjaer ready to roll dice on Juventus veteran Mandzukic

first_imgMan Utd boss Solskjaer ready to roll dice on Juventus veteran Mandzukicby Paul Vegas20 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer is ready to roll the dice on Juventus veteran Mario Mandzukic.Since his permanent appointment to the United hotseat in March, Solskjaer has young, hungry British players, in a move away from recruiting star names, says the Mirror.In the summer, United signed centre-half Harry Maguire from Leicester City, right-back Aaron Wan-Bissaka from Crystal Palace , and winger Daniel James from Swansea.United were also in talks over signing Mandzukic, and are to renew their pursuit of the 33-year-old after their failure to sign replacements for Romelu Lukaku and Alexis Sanchez left Solskjaer came back to bite them.The gamble backfired after first-choice forwards Marcus Rashford and Anthony Martial were both injured, leaving 17-year-old Mason Greenwood to lead the line. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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Judge Redo part of analysis for Dakota Access pipeline

first_imgLand protectors fought pitched battles with Local, and State police, elements of private security firms and the National Guard to try and stop the Dakota Access Pipline. Photo: Dennis Ward/APTNThe Canadian PressU.S. District Judge James Boasberg said in a 91-page decision that the Corps failed to take into account how a spill might affect “fishing rights, hunting rights, or environmental justice, or the degree to which the pipeline’s effects are likely to be highly controversial.”The judge said the Army must redo its environmental analysis in certain sections and he’ll consider later whether the pipeline must halt operations in the meantime. A status conference is scheduled for next week.Dave Archamabault II, chairman of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, which has led opposition to the pipeline, called it “a significant victory.”Developer Energy Transfer Partners announced earlier this month that it started shipping oil to customers. ETP maintains that the 1,200-mile pipeline is safe, but the Standing Rock Cheyenne River, Yankton and Oglala Sioux tribes in the Dakotas fear environmental harm.ETP spokeswoman Vicki Granado did not immediately return email and phone messages seeking comment on Boasberg’s ruling. U.S. Department of Justice spokeswoman Nicole Navas Oxman said the department is reviewing the ruling.The decision marks “an important turning point,” said Jan Hasselman, attorney for the non-profit Earthjustice, which is representing the tribes in the lawsuit.“Until now, the rights of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe have been disregarded by builders of the Dakota Access pipeline and the Trump Administration … prompting a well-deserved global outcry,” Hasselman said.The project led to months of demonstrations near the Standing Rock Reservation and hundreds of protesters were arrested. The protests died off with the clearing of the main encampment in February and the completion of the pipeline.Boasberg rejected two earlier complaints by the tribes. One was that the construction threatened sites of cultural and historical significance and the other was that the presence of oil in the pipeline under Lake Oahe would desecrate sacred waters and make it impossible for the tribes to freely exercise their religious beliefs.“Now that the court has rejected these two lines of attack, Standing Rock and Cheyenne River here take their third shot, this time zeroing in DAPL’s environmental impact,” Boasberg wrote. He added later, “This volley meets with some degree of success.”The corps originally declined to issue an easement for drilling and earlier this year launched a full environmental study of the Lake Oahe crossing, which it said would take up to two years to complete. Boasberg, the federal judge, had rejected an ETP request to stop the study.“As we all know, elections have consequences, and the government’s position on the easement shifted significantly once President Trump assumed office on January 20, 2017,” Boasberg wrote in Wednesday’s ruling.news@aptn.calast_img read more

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Alberta Health Services fires two employees over Indigenous racial slur

first_imgThe Canadian PressThe organization that delivers health programs for the Alberta government has fired two employees over a racial slur made against an Indigenous educator.Last week Alberta Health Services apologized for a text message that was sent between two workers that referred to a member of the Kainai Board of Education as a “rabid squaw.”Dr. Verna Yiu, CEO of AHS, said Monday that two employees have been terminated effective immediately.“This incident is not representative of who AHS is or what AHS stands for,” Yiu said in a release.“All AHS employees are expected to adhere to our Code of Conduct, which includes treating all people with dignity and fairness.”The slur was accidentally sent to an employee of the Kainai Board of Education, which provides services for the Blood Tribe in southern Alberta.Last Friday Annette Bruisedhead, deputy superintendent of the board, said the AHS employee later apologized.Bruisedhead called the comment a severe act of discrimination and racism that would not be tolerated.At the time Ramona Big Head, the principal of the middle school on the reserve, said she was the employee being referred to in the text.She said the AHS official and many others “share the same dark, racist thoughts.”A spokeswoman for the chief and council said the incident has hurt many people.Yiu said no further information about the terminations or the fired employees would be released.“AHS is committed to advancing the process of reconciliation with Indigenous peoples and communities, and we will move forward from this incident together with our Indigenous communities and all Albertans.”news@aptn.calast_img read more

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Initial public offerings scheduled to debut next week

first_imgNEW YORK — The following is a list of initial public offerings planned for the coming week. Sources include IPO ETF manager Renaissance Capital, and SEC filings.Week of Dec. 10.360 Finance – Shanghai, China, 3.1 million shares, priced $16.50-$18.50, managed by Citi/Haitong. Proposed NYSE symbol: QFIN. Business: Chinese online consumer lending platform partnered with 360 Group (Qihoo).CF Finance Acquisition – New York, 25 million shares, priced at $10, managed by Cantor Fitzgerald. Proposed Nasdaq symbol: CFFAU. Business: Blank check company formed by the CEO of Cantor Fitzgerald.CURE Pharmaceutical Holding – Oxnard, Calif., 2 million shares, priced $5-$7, managed by Network 1 Financial Securities. Proposed Nasdaq symbol: CURR. Business: Developing oral dissolving film formulations of existing drugs.Chardan Healthcare Acquisition – New York, 7 million shares, priced at $10, managed by Chardan Capital Markets. Proposed NYSE symbol: CHACU. Business: Blank check company formed by Chardan to acquire a healthcare business.Cornerstone Management – Guangzhou, China, 5 million shares priced at $4, managed by ViewTrade. Proposed Nasdaq symbol: CSCA. Business: China-based private equity fund manager.Legacy Housing – Bedford, Texas, 3.5 million shares, priced $10.75-12.75, managed by B. Riley FBR/Oak Ridge Financial. Proposed Nasdaq symbol: LEGH. Business: Builds, sells and finances manufactured homes.Moderna – Cambridge, Mass., 26.3 million shares, priced $22-$24, managed by Morgan Stanley/Goldman Sachs. Proposed Nasdaq symbol MRNA. Business: Early-stage biotech developing therapies based on its modified mRNA platform.Schultze Acquisition – Rye Brook, N.Y., 15 million shares, priced at $10, managed by EarlyBirdCapital/BTIG. Proposed Nasdaq symbol: SAMAU. Business: Blank check company formed by distressed debt investor George Schultze.Synthorx – La Jolla, Calif., 11.9 million shares, priced $10-$12, managed by Jefferies/Leerink Partners. Proposed Nasdaq symbol: THOR. Business: Principal biotech developing immunotherapies for solid tumors.Tencent Music Entertainment – Shenzhen, China, 82 million shares, priced $13-$15, managed by Morgan Stanley/Goldman Sachs (Asia). Proposed NYSE symbol: TME. Business: China’s largest online music-streaming service.Uranium Trading – El Segundo, Calif., 4.5 million shares, priced at $10, managed by B. Riley FBR. Proposed NYSE symbol: UTC. Business: Newly-formed vehicle investing in the civil uranium market.The Associated Presslast_img read more

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Cops nab two with 4 kg ganja intended for selling to students

first_imgKolkata: Two persons were arrested by the Detective Department (DD) of Kolkata Police along with 4kg ganja on Wednesday night from the Anandapur area. Sleuths came to know that the ganja was intended for selling to students of various schools and colleges across the city.Police recently got tipped off about a racket being operated by some people who were supplying ganja to school students in and around the Taltala area. Based on the information, one Munni Das was arrested on March 4 opposite a school on AJC Bose Road with 3 kg ganja. Also Read – Centuries-old Durga Pujas continue to be hit among revellersSleuths came to know that apart from schools in the Taltala area, the racket used to target several other renowned schools across the city as well. On March 4, police had come to know from sources that someone would be going to a school located on AJC Bose Road to sell ganja. Based on the information, police reached the spot in plain clothes and kept a strong vigil in and around the school. In the afternoon, police officers noticed Das with a handheld shopping bag. After a while, sleuths noticed that Das was trying to approach some school students and was immediately detained. During preliminary search, ganja was found inside her shopping bag. Without wasting any time, police took her to the Narcotics Cell facility and started interrogating her. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaDuring interrogation, Das revealed the names of the duo arrested from Anandapur, identified as Dudh Kumar Halder and Parvina Bibi. Later, sleuths came to know that several students of renowned colleges and schools were their customers. Sleuths are now mulling about contacting the authorities of the schools and colleges whose names have cropped up in the case. Halder is a resident of Rajdanga, while Bibi resides on a footpath near 4 number gate of New Market.last_img read more

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Why An AnalyticsObsessed Cycling Team Keeps Winning The Tour De France

More: Apple Podcasts | ESPN App | RSS FiveThirtyEight Welcome to the latest episode of Hot Takedown, FiveThirtyEight’s sports podcast. On this week’s show (July 26, 2016), we talk to The Wall Street Journal’s Jason Gay about the Tour de France and Team Sky, which has won four of the past five Tours — perhaps because of an emphasis on analytics. (That it has a lot of money also helps.) Then, Neil Paine explains why MLB teams should always at least look to buy or sell at the trade deadline, rather than hold. Finally, we talk about Nnemkadi Ogwumike’s extraordinary year for the WNBA’s L.A. Sparks and whether she’s having the best statistical season of all time. Plus, a significant digit on Roger Federer’s announcement that he will miss the rest of the tennis season because of a knee injury.Links to what we discuss are here:Jason Gay in The Wall Street Journal asks if the Tour de France needs a financial fix to help balance competition among teams.Gay describes how the eventual Tour de France winner, Chris Froome, ran up a mountain in his cleats after crashing his bike during this year’s race.On Deadspin, Patrick Redford explains how Froome dominated this year’s Tour.And William Fotheringham in the Guardian breaks down how Team Sky’s analytics and tactics helped it to victory.Last year, Neil Paine and Nate Silver came up with the “Doyle Number.” It tells us when an MLB team should be willing to trade future talent at the trade deadline in order to try to win in the current season.Neil calculated the Doyle Numbers for this year’s teams, and the Chicago Cubs came out on top, meaning the team should try to win this season rather than hoard prospects.Jim Bowden at ESPN breaks down the trade deadline objectives for all 30 MLB teams.Nnemkadi Ogwumike’s Basketball-Reference.com page. Keep an eye on FiveThirtyEight for an article about her rise.Carl Bialik writes about Roger Federer’s injury and what it means for his shot at another major title.Significant Digit: 3. That’s the number of major tennis titles won by men older than 35. All those titles were won by Ken Rosewall, an Australian whose career spanned three decades. If you’re a fan of our podcasts, be sure to subscribe on Apple Podcasts and leave a rating/review. That helps spread the word to other listeners. And get in touch by email, on Twitter or in the comments. Tell us what you think, send us hot takes to discuss and tell us why we’re wrong. read more

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Sophomore helps fuel sevenyear win streak for OSU tennis

The Ohio State men’s tennis team is defending a home winning streak of 93 consecutive matches. The No. 3 Buckeyes added the most recent two victories last weekend after sweeping both New Mexico and Tulsa 7-0 at the Intercollegiate Tennis Association national qualifier. The Buckeyes are one of 16 teams set to compete in the ITA National Team Indoor Championships.Ty Tucker, in his 11th year coaching the Buckeyes, is a five-time Big Ten Coach of the Year as well as the most recent recipient of the Wilson National Coach of the Year in 2009. Tucker’s 2010 team is comprised of 11 passionate players who come from as close as Dayton and as far as Japan. New Albany native Chase Buchanan has just what the Buckeyes need to maintain their competitive edge and keep the streak alive.“I definitely don’t want to be the one to lose it for us. It’s pretty special,” Buchanan said. “I think it says a lot about our coaching and motivation to not lose.”He picked up his racket more than 12 years ago, and he hasn’t put it down since. He got hooked on tennis and he got hooked on winning. Success came quickly for Buchanan. At just 13, he won the Les Petit, the premier world championship for players 14 and under. He is the youngest player in history to win the Vero Beach Futures Event, which he did at the age of 16.After competing in the U.S. Open Doubles Draw in 2008, he knew he was ready for the next level.Buchanan was born a Buckeye and Ohio State was the obvious choice when he joined OSU in spring 2008 as the No. 1 recruit in the nation. Buchanan has committed his life to tennis. He has now competed at all levels and finds more motivation playing on the team. “I’m trying to do everything I can, finding a good balance,” he said.In his first season, Buchanan went 11-4 in singles matches and 6-3 in doubles action. He helped the Buckeyes win the Big Ten Championships for the fourth consecutive year, winning three consecutive matches on the No. 6 singles court.  Following a whirlwind year for Buchanan, he received a wildcard spot in the 2009 U.S. Open singles draw. He fell 6-0, 6-2, 6-1 in the first round to No. 7 Jo-Wilfried Tsonga of France, but gained invaluable competitive experience. “It’s a little more physical [in the pros], but besides that it’s a lot of mental stuff,” Buchanan said. This year Buchanan and counterpart Justin Kronauge feel the added pressure on the No. 1 doubles court.“We’ve got to win our spot every time. If we win our spot we are going to win the doubles point,” Buchanan said. Buchanan is doing his best to step up as a team leader this season and will continue to do so at the ITA National Team Indoor Championship Feb. 12-13 in Charlottesville, Va. read more

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Ohio State to be awarded with Capital One Cup at ESPYs

The OSU men’s volleyball team pose with their second consecutive national title trophy alongside James DeSantis, nine-year-old super fan. Credit: Sheridan Hendrix | Oller ReporterOver the past year, few athletic programs have accomplished as much as Ohio State. And for that success, the Buckeyes’ men’s athletics program will be rewarded Wednesday during the ESPYs with the Capital One Cup, an award given to both a men’s and women’s group of athletes that demonstrated consistent success over a variety of sports. The Stanford Cardinal women’s athletics program won the women’s Capital One Cup.The award is earned on a points basis, with different point values being assigned to either ranking within the Top 10 of a certified poll, or placing in the championships of any given sport. The Ohio State men’s athletic program received 111 points, narrowly edging out two-time cup champion Florida who came in second with 105 points.To the athletes and alumni, this award takes on a special meaning.“It says that you’re one of the best,” said Eddie George, former Ohio State running back and 1995 Heisman Trophy winner. “For us to finally hoist up a Capital One trophy to say, ‘OK, our athletic program as a whole is the best in the land,’ says a lot.”For its victory, Ohio State will receive not only the trophy, but $200,000 to be put towards student-athlete scholarships.And though Ohio State ranked third in highest-grossing athletic programs according to Business Insider, George said the school can benefit from the additional source of funding.“Anytime that you can get money for student-athletes to get more opportunities to come, it’s just that added bonus,” George said. “It’s saying that you don’t have to go out and fundraise as much. That goes right toward the bottom line, and it allows for student-athletes to get scholarships, not just for football, but for all sports. It gives someone a chance to foster their dream and to get a great education.”Winning an award such as this requires a well-oiled machine of athletics and someone at the helm who knows how to run it, George said. As a result, George believes a great deal of credit belongs to Smith for the work he has put into Ohio State athletics to put the program in a position to function as well as it has. “It just goes to show you the great job that Gene Smith has done for Ohio State as our athletic director,” George said. “(He) is very adamant and persistent about equality in all of our sports and supporting all of our sports.”George said that Smith and the rest of the athletic department have worked hard to bring Ohio State to the point of where it is no longer just viewed as a football or basketball school, but a university with widespread success across all different sports. He added that winning an award like this one sends a message to any potential incoming recruits that the program as a whole is committed to bringing together all the pieces required to drive a championship-caliber team.“It says that we’re hiring the best coaches, we’re giving the best mentorships, we’re doing everything we can as a university to put our athletes in the best position both athletically and academically,” George said. “It says that you’re coming to a program that believes in winning championships, that’s getting recognition, the best of the best.”George will officially bestow the honor to his alma mater during the presentation of the award, handing the trophy to fellow Ohio State alum and member of the 2016 National Championship-winning men’s volleyball team Miles Johnson.The former standout running back said he did not know how he was chosen, but that as soon as they called to offer him the position, he immediately accepted.“When they asked me to do it, I didn’t hesitate,” George said. “And to honor Ohio State for winning their first-ever Capital One Cup trophy is pretty amazing, so I’m honored to do it.”The ESPYs will begin at 8 p.m. Wednesday, and will be aired on ABC. Point Breakdown:Lacrosse: 36Volleyball: 20Football: 15Gymnastics: 12Wrestling: 12Tennis: 8Fencing: 6*Rifle: 2**The rifle and fencing team received double the listed total, but since both teams are mixed genders, the point totals had to be split with half going to men’s athletics and the other half allotted to women’s athletics. read more

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